History Of Cultural Tourism In New Zealand Tourism Essay

Maori civilization has important impact to the touristry in New Zealand. The Maoris are autochthonal people of New Zealand and their cultural heritage took portion in developing the touristry in the state. The Maoris comprise approximately 14 % of the entire population in New Zealand and it was in 1840 when the Treaty of Waitangi was signed between the Britain and the Maoris and their folk merely retained a part of the Bay as portion of the reserve country and saving of their heritage and fatherland. Cultural resources ever have an economic value and with the highest potency for pulling tourer which is an plus in hiking the touristry industry in a state. ( Fullerton, McGettigan, and Stephens, 2009 ) .

The Te Whanga Paemi is the sheltered country around the Bay which has the highest potency for development as a tourer attractive force. The Treaty granted the Maoris British citizenship and it recognizes the folk ‘s land rights. ( Virtualtopia ) . The great history that embodies the cultural heritage and tribal land modesty along the Bay of Te Whanga Paemai becomes a major attractive force in New Zealand. Because of the demands in touristry, attractive forces with cultural value are going more popular. Harmonizing to Reinsinger ( 2009 ) traditional civilizations are going commercialized and commoditized. It may come to a point where such cultural topographic points are exploited and the rights of the locals are trodden upon. The Te Whanga Paemai Bay, because of its pristine Waterss and beauty with a valuable topographic point to pull tourers, are sought for as one of the chief tourer attractive force in New Zealand. But the local folks are rather immune to the commerce that may menace to destruct the quality of life they try to continue. This paper will discourse how the Maori civilization became a centre for touristry in New Zealand and how it boosts the touristry and concern industry in the topographic point and will show at what extent the topographic point was exploited and the steps the legislative assembly undertake to continue the rights of the locals to their ain land.


The diverse natural environment of New Zealand is one of its typical national symbols. ( Florek & A ; Insch, 2008 ) It is vested with so many fantastic landmarks and cultural topographic points that make great tourist musca volitanss. Richards ( 2007 ) explains that Australia and New Zealand are continuously on hunt of making distinguishable individuality in the publicity of their touristry while constructing more creativeness in an reply of globalisation. They set up a scheme that will develop cultural touristry that involves a more in depth interaction and better apprehension of the autochthonal people, topographic point, and cultural individuality. But many issues were raised in the class of developing the cultural touristry of the Maoris. The NgA?ti TA«A WhA?A Awei invested the returns they earned from the Treaty colony to embarking in touristry chiefly Pospoise ticker and diving. The Maoris besides capitalized in commercial whaling that marks the New Zealand concern in the production of whale oil that was in high demand in this clip. Flude ( 2001 ) expressed the assorted utilizations of whale oil which as used in machinery lubrication, firing fuels in lamps that became a valuable trade good in different parts of Europe, France, Britain, America, and Australia. The debut of commercial whaling in New Zealand by the Maoris helped them spread out the concern such that whaling Stationss have been built and created to back up the whaling industry in New Zealand. Whale catching is besides popular since baleen besides became a productive trade good that are used for girdles and remain in ladies places. Along the Te Whanga Paemai Bay, diving was besides a popular athleticss and diversion. There are varied plunging musca volitanss in New Zealand and some are merely a walk off from Maori land Whangamumu Harbour where approximately 40 pre-historic sites are located with some remains of the old whaling Stationss which were used by the Maori for commercial whaling. ( Bain, Dunford, 2006 ) . Soon there were proposals to construct and develop a marina along the Bay that developers believe will make more occupations on the country and will raise the belongings value with more commercial concerns in New Zealand will be created because of the touristry potency of the Maori land along the Bay. However, the local folk believed that it will compromise the quality of life they live along the are which they preserve to maintain as portion of their recollection of their cultural heritage. Soon along the bay rockerss were normally seen and as more people come to see the topographic point, the are becomes polluted and subjected to a diminution in piscary and decrease of marine life while impacting the beauty of the bay from its original status.

Whaling is highly popular in New Zealand which takes topographic point on the Bay of Islands in the North where whaling is coupled with imbibing flings during the pre-European Maori epoch. ( Booking, 2004 ) Due to the foreseen menace of compromising the life of the giants due to the rampant commercial fishing, both Australia and New Zealand are active in back uping plans that will assist conserve and continue the sanctuary of the giants. Anderson ( 1998 ) recognizes both Australia and New Zealand as fervent protagonist of the proposal of the Gallic on declaring the Southern Ocean as a whale sanctuary. Such plan is an built-in portion of continuing the environment and the cultural pattern of whaling among Maoris which were taken more extensively and exploited due to commercialisation in touristry and concern. Some signifiers of touristry promote autochthonal topographic points and cultural heritage without trouble oneselfing to present tourers to the locals. Among the job that root from touristry is that tourers frequently have detached attitude in valuing the sacredness of certain topographic points of cultural value. Butler and Hinch ( 2007 ) suggest that it is wise to integrate touristry plans the activity of presenting tourers to the locals. It will assist them understand the people, their cultural beliefs, and patterns. Maori merchandises should be introduced to the tourers and demo them the locations where the Maori touristry merchandises are made. The authorities exhausted redresss to continue the giants in their waterbeds and became one of the most fervent protagonists in the Anti-Whaling run which was proposed to widen to affect international diplomatic activity. ( Alley, 2007 )

On the history that the Ngati Tu Wha awei showed defeat on the development of menace of their preserved country due to the commerce and touristry, attempts have been made to supply protection to their historical land ownership against maltreatment of development of its natural beauty, environmental pollution, devastation to the marine resources, and the quality of life they to populate. Phillips ( 2010 ) expressed that the Maori showed their defeat and assert to be provided with protection of their heritage civilization which the authorities acted upon to implement preservation steps. The Maori heritage development was mainstreamed towards the general heritage direction Torahs that favor developer ‘s application towards community involvement.

It is noteworthy that the refusal of the Maori people against excessively much commerce and development of its touristry capacity because of its negative impact to its marine life and the aesthetic status of the Bay are overridden by the high involvement of the Taone Nui metropolis council that expresses high involvement to the development of the Te Whanga Paemai bay as touristry gateway. In consideration of the publicity of the cultural heritage of the Maori and to advance touristry in New Zealand, attempts to enforce ordinance in such activities were exhausted. The Maoris desire to assist advance their civilization but at the same clip continue them, the Maoris took the enterprise to hold separate bureau that will implement the pushs for legislative protection of the archaeological sites. Because cultural consciousness was established through the Te Whanga Paemai instance survey, it brought a important cultural model in footings of the legislative steps taken by the authorities for modulating the touristry and development of cultural heritage in their topographic point. There are several sorts of legislative acts of varied nature of pushs in coordination with other subdivisions of the authorities. Cawthorn ( 1999 ) noted that the policy on anti-whaling and protective steps in New Zealand causes ireful and many signifiers of unfavorable judgments among dissatisfied business communities and locals whose ability to work the beauty and natural resources of the Bay. It is besides noteworthy that the authorities policies in touristry besides includes societal consciousness of the autochthonal people populating in a tourer topographic point with heritage value. Burns and Novelli ( 2006 ) citation that the Maori population are minority in a civilised universe and this group of categories have suffered for rather sometime from a low position of their legitimacy of being. They need to be recognized through the debut of their civilization, people, lifestyle, and heritage in order to hike their planetary individuality through touristry in New Zealand.

The Te Whanga Paemai instance survey provides a good illustration on how to expect the possible devastation in the environment as one state makes the attempt of prolonging the growing of its economic system and touristry industry that could compromise the environment tha could infringe to the rights of the locals who have the uttermost right to continue their cultural heritage. In realisation of the likely cause that touristry and set uping commercial concerns along the Te Whanga Paemai Bay may open a collateral menace to pollution and compromising the marine resources that may take to hapless quality of life of the Maoris, New Zealand enact statute laws that are of important value of pull offing the land, air, H2O, coastal, geothermic and pollution under the Resource Management Act. ( Mason, 2003 ) . Finally, it is unchallenged that the environmental and cultural heritage as provided in the instance survey of Te Whanga Paemai has positive impact in the New Zealand economic system as touristry have become more regulated with greater regard the cultural heritage of the indigens. It helps better cognition in touristry and it utilizes touristry to assist hike New Zealand ‘s economic system by opening more concern ventures chance with the appropriate statute law to modulate the exposure and use of the cultural heritage topic to touristry publicity. Harmonizing to Moscardo ( 2008 ) touristry has become one of the major beginnings of employment. Thus the instance survey provides a tool for the acknowledgment of the cultural heritage as portion of touristry component that will assist hike New Zealand ‘s economic stableness.


The Maori civilization played a important function in advancing cultural touristry in New Zealand. Their ain enterprise of developing their ain civilization and continuing their heritage histories to what hold become the celebrated commercial whaling industry in New Zealand and their development of their marine resources have benefited the state so much in footings of hiking its touristry industry and concern economic zone. Because of the instance survey affecting the Te Whanga Paemai, New Zealand authorities have become more avid in proclaiming legislative steps that will digest the protection of their cultural heritage which have become a important plus in advancing the touristry and increasing the economic public presentation of New Zealand. A respectable and dignified acknowledgment were accorded to the Maori people for their attempt to forestall the gross development on their sacred land. It therefore allows the authorities to acknowledge the demand to implement and procure the public assistance of their cultural heritage by implementing protection steps that will non merely assist them better their natural and cultural assets for touristry but besides promote the acknowledgment of the Maori people by integrating touristry plans that introduce these cultural groups, its people and civilization for public consciousness. In a community of cultural group, they value their heritage, history and imposts. Such should be respected as good even in a well-developed state like New Zealand. In fact, the Maori cultural group has contributed in the singular development of cultural heritage touristry in the state. Therefore, the New Zealand authorities is bound to esteem them and give them due acknowledgment for their part in the publicity of cultural touristry in the state. The same goes in the different trades by which New Zealand was able to derive an economic encouragement such as in the commercial whaling, diving, and other piscaries concern that can be traced back from the Maori who has played a major function in the economic development of New Zealand and the spring on its touristry activities.