The Great Wall and Egyptian Pyramids Essay

The “Seven Wonders of the Ancient World” refers to singular buildings during classical epoch. Through the ages. there have been legion versions of the original list of the “Seven Wonders” ; nevertheless. merely one of these marvelous edifices has remained intact-the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt. which is besides the oldest of the antediluvian admirations. On the west bank of the Nile River. there are three pyramid erected on a bouldery tableland in Giza in the northern portion of Egypt. These pyramids were named after these kings-Khufu. Khafre. and Menkaure-agree with the kings’ names. and one of the most celebrated pyramids is the pyramid of Khufu. besides known as the Great Pyramid. because it is the largest of the three. The Great Pyramid was built for Khufu. the 2nd male monarch of the 4th dynasty of ancient Egypt. and it is possibly the most tremendous individual architecture in the universe. The impressing thing is that the Great Pyramid can be photographed from the International Space Station.

Besides the Khufu Pyramid. another structural admiration that can be viewed for the International Space Station is the Great Wall of China located in the northern China. The Great Wall of China. besides called the “Long Wall of Ten Thousand Li” . was erected in ancient China. and it is one of the largest buildings of all time undertaken. Since the building of the Wall started. the most integral portion of the wall was built in the Ming dynasty. The Great Wall passes through many states in China ; it runs east to west from Shang Hai Guan in Dandong country. southeasterly Liaoning state. to Jia Yu Pass West of Jiuquan. northwesterly Gansu state.

“The wall frequently traces the crest lines of hills and mountains as it snakes across the Chinese countryside. and about one-quarter of its length consists entirely of natural barriers such as rivers and mountain ridges” ( Encyclopedia Britannica n. d. ) . Some subdivisions of the wall are damaged and some of them even have vanished through the old ages. but the Great Wall is still one of the fantastic edifices on the planet. Although the Egyptian Pyramids of Giza ranks the first on the list of “Seven Wonders of the World” . the Great Wall of China is still a more brilliant building based on the length of tine and adversity it took. every bit good as the powerful practicality of the Great Wall.

The Great Pyramid was built for Pharaoh Khufu and was called “the Horizon of Khufu” ( Jackson and Stamp 16 ) . The Egyptologists think that it took over an about 23-year period to build the pyramid for Khufu. but it did non take that long to finish the Great Pyramid. Craig B. Smith. who is former president of a planetary technology. architecture. and building house and the writer of the book “How The Great Pyramid Was Built” . believes that the it took approximately 10 old ages to complete constructing the Great Pyramid. including the clip for undertaking planning and design. site work and preconstruction. Pyramid building and taking inclines and site killing ( Smith 232 ) . That’s chiefly because it was non possible for Khufu to get down build the Pyramid in the first twelvemonth of his reign. and no confidence was made that he would populate for 23 old ages. ( 222 ) .

Compared to the Great Pyramid. it took much longer clip to finish the Great Wall of China historically. The first walls in Chinese history day of the month back to the Spring and Autumn Period ( 722-481 BC ) . during which the country was still divided efficaciously among the powerful heads of regional lands. During this clip and the undermentioned Warring States Period ( 453-221BC ) . the provinces of Qi. Chu. Yan. Han. Zhao. Wei and Qin all built munitions to protect their ain boundary lines. After Qin Shi Huang defeated all opposing provinces and incorporate China in 221 BCE. he established the Chin Dynasty and built a new wall by associating up the staying munitions and widening them ( par. 2 ) .

During the period of Han emperor Wudi ( 141-87 BCE ) . the wall was reinforced and extended for about 6000 kilometres ( par. 3 ) . and the building lasted for 20 old ages ( Encyclopedia Britannica ) . After the ruin of the Han Dynasty. the building of the Great Wall was halted. It was the Ming Emperors. who restored the edifices of the Wall after stoping the struggles with encroachers. During the Ming Dynasty. the wall was reconstructed. repaired and rebuilt. and new subdivisions were besides added. “Many dynasties reigned over China during this about 2000 twelvemonth undertaking. ” and the concluding major redevelopments were done during the Ming Dynasty ( par. 3 ) . The clip needed to finish the Great Wall is much longer than that used to construct the pyramids.

Furthermore. it was much more hard to build the Wall in footings of the environment and the work force. Before constructing the Great Pyramid. the Pharaoh Khufu selected the site providentially in order to take the most suited location. and there were five basic demands for the location. First. the site should be constructed in the sunset part and higher than the Nile’s inundation field to be safe ; sing the convenience of transporting stuffs. the site should besides be located on the bank of Nile stopping point to Memphis which was the Egyptian capital. Finally. the site should be located on the solid bedrock and in a field in order to construct suited degrees of foundations of the building ( Jackson and Stamp 23 ) .

Khufu chose Giza as the site of building. because it occupied a tableland overlooking the Nile River. and there were plentifulness of natural stuffs. such as limestone was accessible ( Smith 108 ) . Harmonizing to Craig B. Smith. the exact nature of the work force it took to construct the pyramid is unknown. Smith estimates the entire labour needed for building by spliting the undertaking into assorted undertakings. such as contrivers and interior decorators. and labourers needed for haling rock ( Smith 216 ) . By adding the direct and indirect labours together. about 4655 workers were needed to construct the Great Pyramid ( Smith 215 ) .

When it comes to the building of the Great Wall. it was much harder and consumed more labours. In the beginning. Emperor Qin Shihuang sent an ground forces of 300. 000 forced labourers to link the fragments of the staying wall and construct the new wall. In add-on to soldiers. the builders besides included the conscripted labourers and captives. About 1. 8 million people ( par. 5 ) . about approximately 20 per centum of all the work force in the state during that clip. were forced to build the Great Wall under the menace of blades and whips. These labourers did much more lifting and traveling heavier stuffs. peculiarly when the stuffs were changed from earthen material to rocks. bricks. and granite blocks ( par. 5 ) .

Not merely were the stuffs heavy. the environment was besides non so good for ancient Chinese to construct the Wall. Since the labourers should travel the stuffs from the pes of the mountain right to the top. it increased the adversities of constructing the Wall. Furthermore. workers should take attention of themselves by edifices new towns along the wall to do houses for life. and the provincials had to turn nutrient non merely for themselves but besides for back uping those who constructed the Great Wall that dramatically increased the weight of peasants’ work ( par. 5 ) .

Not merely was the edifice of the Great Wall much harder than constructing the Great Pyramids. the practicalities of the Wall were besides more powerful than those of the pyramid.

The Egyptian pyramids were built as grave of the Pharaoh. and most Egyptologists besides believe “the pyramid construction stand foring merely one point in the long continuum of the development of grave design ( catchpenny par. 4 ) . ” The Great Pyramid was built during the Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. and it was about 2550 old ages before the Christ was born ( Smith 86 ) . The great modernist designer Le Corbusier. he clarified the Great Pyramid as “a machine for life in” . or more precisely. “as a machine for Resurrection ( Jackson and Stamp 72 ) . ” In his book “The Great Pyramid Decoded” . Lemesurier thinks that the Great Pyramid is an index by God ( plim sec. 11 ) . and many Egyptians thought of their respectful Pharaoh as the Gods. and the pyramids were constructed for them as “stair stairss to the Gods ( Smith 178 ) . ”

The Great Wall was foremost built during the Spring and Autumn Period by six lands ( Qi. Chu. Yan. Han. Zhao. Wei and Qin ) for the protection intents. After Qin province became stronger. emperor Qin unified China. but the Donghu and Loufan. tow mobile peoples from the North. still often invaded China. accordingly. emperor Qin erected a wall from Lintiao to the Yellow River to defy the invasion of plunderers ( Encyclopedia Britannica ) . During Han Dynasty. Han Wudi strengthened the protection by constructing two other paralleled walls in the North of Yin Mountain. and the Great Wall played a important function in protecting the Han district from the invasion by xiongnu ( History of The Great Wall par. 3 ) .

During the Ming Dynasty. the swayers maintained and reinforced the Wall to protect the state from Mongolian’s invasion. Furthermore. the Great Wall was constructed along the crest line ; hence. people needed to construct towns for life along the building of the Wall. which made the bare topographic points booming towns. The building of the Great Wall besides promoted the growing of agribusiness. Since people who built the Wall were unable to travel place and acquire together with their household. swayers commanded provincials to turn more harvests for those people. Therefore. constructing the Great Wall non merely promoted the prosperity of the state but besides increased the economic system at that clip.

Ultimately. the Great Wall is a greater effort of technology than the Egyptian pyramids in footings of the length of clip. the adversity and the practicalities. The Great Wall was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. It is really meaningful for historiographers to detect the history of China. and the Great Wall is besides an of import tie to develop the relationship between the minorities and people of Han nationality.

Work Cited

“Great Wall of China. ” _Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online_ .

Encyclopedia Britannica Inc. . 2012. Web. 05 Mar. 2012.

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“The Great Wall of China. ” _World Heritage Sites_ . N. p. 2008-2011. Web. 06 Mar. 2012.

“World Heritage List. ” _United Nations Educational. Scientific and Cultural Organization-World Heritage Convention_ . UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 1992-2012. Web. 06 Mar. 2012. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //whc. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. org/en/list/438/ & gt ;

“Great Wall Construction. ” _The Great Wall of China. _ N. p. 1998-2004. Web. 06 Mar. 2012.

Jackson. Kevin and Jonathan Stamp. _Building The Great Pyramid. _ Toronto: Firefly. 2003. Print.

Smith. Craig B. _How The Great Pyramid Was Built. _ Washington: Smithsonian. 2004. Print.

“Discovery & A ; Research. ” Great Wall. N. p. 2006. Web. 05 Mar. 2012.